Param Vir Chakra(PVC)- The highest gallantry award given to military personnel for their supreme sacrifice, extraordinary valour, courage, self-sacrifice in the presence of the enemy at land, air or sea.
On 26 Jan 1950, it was constituted. This is a circular shaped medal made up of bronze, on which the state medal is embossed around which 4 replicas of Indra’s Vajra. On its backside, Param Vir Chakra is written in both English and Hindi between 2 lotus flower.
Till date, 21 heroes from the Indian Army and Indian Air Force, have received this award for their supreme sacrifice, and here we bring you all the recipients of PVC:-
1.Major Somnath Sharma(Posthumous)
Maj. Somnath Sharma belonging to 4 Kumaon regiment was the first recipient of Param Vir Chakra. He was awarded PVC for his valiant act on 3 November 1947 in Badgam valley in Jammu & Kashmir for defending the Srinagar airport, where he opened fire with machine guns with a broken hand having plaster on it and inspired his soldiers to stretch the war to 6 six hours until they got helped., he died in an explosion when he was completely exposed to the enemy firing.
2.Naik Jadunath Singh(Posthumous)
Naik Jadunath Singh belonging to Rajput Regiment. He was awarded PVC for his action on 6th Feb 1948, he was commanding a forward post-Taindhar when the enemies attacked his small troop. Being outnumbered he was able to resist the enemies and protect his troops and he single-handedly took on the enemies in 3rd- wave when his troops had high casualties. He died after being struck on head and Chest.
3. 2/LT Rama Raghoba Rane
Belonging to Bombay Engineers in the Army. He was awarded Param Vir Chakra for his bravery and administrative planning for clearing the Roadblocks for the tanks to pass when they were all surrounded by heavy mortars and mines, after being injured he kept on clearing roadblocks by crunching in the tank and driving it in Rajouri-Naushera sector when they were surrounded by enemies on 8th April 1948.
4. CHM Piru Singh(Posthumous)
CHM Piru Singh belonging to Rajputana Rifles awarded PVC for his act for 18th July 1948 in Tithwal sector Jammu & Kashmir. He single-handedly occupied the enemy post which was full of MMG and Grenades. He took on the grenade and MMG fire destroyed the bunker of enemies until he died in a grenade attack.
5. L/NK Karam Singh, MM
Karam Singh belonging to Sikh Regiment was awarded PVC for his bravery in Tithwal sector in J&K on 23rd May 1948. When the enemies launched 8 successive fires to Richmar Gali Post where Karam Singh as commanding. He saved his wounded soldiers from heavy shelling and Gun Fire. Wounded Karam Singh along with his men counter attacked the enemies and bayoneted until they were evicted. He was also given an honorary rank of captain.
6.Capt Gurbachan Singh Salaria(Posthumous)
He was the first graduate from NDA to win PVC, belonging to 3/1 Gorkha Rifles. He was part of UN peacekeeping operation in Elizabethville, Katanga in Congo. Where he attacked a roadblock by enemies along with his troop 40, being outnumbered, Capt Salaria with his troops made a bold attack to enemies under heavy fire, after which the enemies or demoralised and had to push back. He died in automatic fire.
7. Maj Dhan Singh Thapa
Maj Dhan Sinh Thapa from 8 Gorkha Rifles, was awarded Param Vir Chakra for his actions on 20th October 1962 in Indo Sino war, when he was in command of a forward post in Ladakh when a large number of Chinese troops attacked their post in 3 different waves with Artillery and mortar fire.
Thapa with his troop kept on resisting the enemies with heavy losses until they suffered high casualties. Thapa then took one to one attack on the Chinese until he was overpowered and taken to PoW and was freed later.
8. Subedar Joginder Singh (Posthumous)
Belonging to Sikh Regiment he was award highest Gallantry award for his brave contribution in Sino Indian war 23rd October 1962. He was commander of Platoon in Tongpeng La area In NEFA(Arunachal Pradesh). Heavy Chinese troops invaded into the area with the intention to get into Tawang. Joginder Singh along with his troop kept on mowing down the Chinese troops in each wave even after suffering high casualties.
In the third wave of attack, he fired on the Chinese with a single machine gun after which the enemies suffered heavy losses, his troop was overpowered and Joginder Singh was killed in a fire.
9.Maj Shaitaan Singh
Maj Shaitaan Singh from Kumaon Regiment received the highest military decoration in the Sino -Indian war of 1962 in the battle of Rezang La on 18th November 1962. He was commander of Rezang La which was isolated from the mainland at a height of 16,000 when the Chinese military opened heavy shelling, artillery fire and mortar in many waves. With a small platoon, Shaitan Singh repulsed back Chinese troops. He kept on raising the morale of his troops by moving from one post to another in heavy risk.
In which he got severely injured when he came under a machine-gun fire, his men inspired from his action and fought bravely with enemies and laid heavy casualties on them.
10.CQMH ABDUL HAMID(Posthumous)
Company Quarter Master Havildar Abdul Hamid from 4 Grenadiers received PVC posthumously in his Gallantry act in Indo-Pak war of 1965. On 10 September 1965 in Cheema, Khem Karan sector, Pak military attacked with Patton Tanks and shelling. Abdul Hamid on his jeep with recoilless gun destroyed many enemy tanks and attacked Pakistani forces until he was severely wounded, his act of bravery inspired other soldiers to attack the enemies
11.Lt Col. Ardeshir Burzorji Tarapore(Posthumously)
Lt. Col Ardeshir from Poona Horse was awarded Param Vir Chakra for leading the regiment after being injured in the Indo -Pak war of 1965. On 11 Sept 1965, he was assigned the duty of providing an armoured thrust for capturing Phillora from the Sialkot sector. When and his troop came under heavy artillery fire. He along with his regiment stood his ground and attacked Phillora under heavy enemy attacked. He with his troop destroyed 60 tanks and refused to evacuate after being wounded in mortar fire until his last breath.
12. Lance Naik Albert Ekka(Posthumous)
Albert Ekka from the Brigade of Guards received the highest military decoration in the Battle of Hilli in Gangasagar, in Indo Pak war of 1971. On 4th Dec 1971, Albert battalions came under heavy shelling and LMG fire from enemies from a fortified position. Disregarding his personal Albert attacked bunkers killing enemies and bayoneted them and took on the control enemies LMG. He kept on acquiring enemies bunkers in the fortified positions after being wounded in the enemy fire and killed many of them.
13.Flying Officer Nirmal jit Singh Sekhon
Fg Officer Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon from no 18 Squadron of IAF was the first to get PVC from Indian Air Force. He was awarded Param Vir Chakra for his Dogfight on 14 December 1971 with 6 Pakistani Sabre aircraft when they attacked Srinagar Airbase. Nirmal jit immediately took off from the base instead of the risk of mortar fire from the enemy. Shot down 2 of the 6 Pak aircraft and kept engaging the 4 enemy aircraft after being outnumbered by 4 to 1.Sekhon aircraft was shot down by one of the Sabre aircraft in which he was killed.
14.2/LT Arun Khetarpal (Posthumous)
Arun Khetarpal from Poona Horses was awarded this military decoration for his valour on 16 December 1971 in Shankargarh sector. When Pakistani troops attacked with armour tanks near the Basantar river. Arun Khetarpal was assisting other Squadron during transmission he came under the fire of the enemy. He captured many strategic points of the enemy attacked and destroyed their tanks. Arun Khetarpal was severely wounded in a fierce tank fight in which he destroyed 10 enemy tanks.
He refused to abandon his tanks after being wounded severely and fought until his tank was hit and destroyed which led to his death.
15. Maj Hoshiyar Singh Dahiya
For his bravery and resolute fighting spirit in Indo-Pakistan War of 1972, Major Hoshiyar Sigh Dahiya was awarded the Param Veer Chakra in 1971. In 1971, during the Indo-Pakistan War, Major Hoshiar Singh, commander of a left forward company of Grenadiers, was assigned the task of capturing Jarpal, a Pakistani locality. Capturing this locality was essential for building a bridgehead across the Basantar River in the Shakargarh.
On coming to know about the plans of the Indian army the Pakistani army reacted with fierce counterattacks. At this moment, Major Hoshiar Singh motivated his command to keep intact and fight which helped Indian soldiers to inflict heavy casualties on the army of Pakistan. Although wounded Major Hoshiar Singh refused to evacuate until ceasefire.
On 6 December 1988, Major Hoshiar Singh died due to a cardiac arrest. Throughout his life he kept motivating people to join Indian Army and keeping up with their father’s legacy, his two sons have joined the Indian army and worked as commissioned officers in the Grenadiers.
16.Naib Subedar Bana Singh
Naib Subedar Bana Singh was given Param Vir Chakra, when he volunteered for task operation clear out all intruders from Siachen Glacier in 23rd June 1987. The post was like a fortress made of ice walls around 1500 ft high on both sides. Bana Singh with his troops made its pathway in the Siachen Glacier to the post in such extreme and harsh conditions. They even had to crawl trench by trench to the post, the attacked and bayoneted the intruders.
17.Major Ramaswamy Parmeshwaram(Posthumous)
Maj. Ramaswamy Parmeshwaram from Mahar Regiment was awarded the highest military for his courageous act in Operation Pawan. On 25 November 1987, while returning from search operation Sri Lanka, in the late-night his post was ambushed by a group of militants. Maj Ramaswamy with his troops surprised the militants from the rear side. He along with troops indulged in hand to hand combat with militants and he displayed a high level of valour when he continued to combat even after being hit in Chest.
Capt. Vikram Batra from Jammu & Kashmir Rashtriya Rifles was awarded Param Vir Chakra for his extreme valour in Operation Vijay during the Kargil War of 1999. He along with his men played a crucial role in capturing strategic points of 5140, 4875. As a daredevil soldier, he inspired his men and led from the front indulged in hand to hand combat in a high altitude battle. They had to acquire strategic point at a fortified area on the hills.
On 7th July 1999, he died in hand to hand combat when he was shot by enemy fire while capturing Pt.4875. He killed 5 enemies from point-blank range before making supreme sacrifice.
Read here:- all about the Kargil war of 1999
19. LT Manoj Kumar Pandey(Posthumous)
Lt Manoj Kumar Pandey from Gorkha Rifles was given Param Vir Chakra for his supreme contributions in Operation Vijay for capturing Batalik Sector and Jubar Top. Commander in charge of number 5 Platoon commander, he led his troops to capture 5 enemy position in Khalubar under heavy fire in the night of 2/3 July 1999.
After clearing 2 enemy positions, he got injured while clearing the 3rd enemy position by enemy fire. While lying assault on 4th position with grenades along with his troops. He died when he was hit by machine gunfire.
20.Rifleman Sanjay Kumar
Rifleman Sanjay Kumar from 13 Jammu & Kashmir Rashtriya rifles, volunteered for capturing the point of 4875 in Mushkoh Valley on 4th July 1999 during operation Vijay.During the automatic fire from one Sangar from a stiff column. Sanjay Kumar disregarding his personal safety, under heavy threat attacked the enemy with hand to hand combat.
He killed 3 intruders but got injured severely, still be charged to the second Sangar took up the UMG and attacked the fleeing enemy, his brave action inspired others, and they took charge on the intruders in such rugged terrain.
21.Grenadier Yogendra Singh Yadav
Yogendra Singh Yadav from 18 grenadiers awarded Param Vir Chakra for valour during the 1999 Kargil War. He was a part of Ghatak commando platoon. He had to capture 3 bunkers on the tiger hill on 4th July 1999 at height of 1000m steep vertical cliff covered with snow.
He volunteered, installed ropes and assaulted on the halfway mark machine gun fire from enemy bunkers started in which Yadav got injured. He still climbed the remaining cliff and attacked the bunkers with grenades and indulged in hand to hand combat. Which inspired other members to indulged in hand to hand combat.
Endnote:- The freedom, peace and the security which we are enjoying in our nation, it’s because of the valour and sacrifice of thousands of soldiers who have lost their lives on borders for keeping our nation territory secure. It’s our fundamental duty to bring out their stories and contribute our efforts in the nation-building and keep our tri-colour high always.
Also, read this at the Ministry of Defence website
Visit our Gallery