In this time, the “Pandemic” is the word which has been persistently on our mind and this allowed the most people worry about what’s the worst could happen in a pandemic and the COVID – 19 has deserted the economy of countries like USA, France, Italy and other superpowers(China Spreading Disinformation to dominate the world is not spreading but controlling it propaganda!) existed in the world.
This has allowed us to look at the history where the pandemics have destroyed the hopes of people and disturbed the very mankind peace in the world.
Today we look at the places where the worst pandemics has been started and Some people believed if they are touched or excavated could cause an outbreak of diseases in the world.
Lascaux Caves, France
These complex caves, situated in northwestern France, is home to one of history’s ancient artwork is believed to be over 17,000 years old and depicts mostly images of large animals that are proven through fossil excavations to have been living within the area at that time.
The caves are even listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. However, since 2008, the caves are completely closed off to the general public following a fungal outbreak, with only a little few scientists allowed to enter for just a couple of days a month to study the paintings.
This small island is found between Venice and Lido within the Venetian Lagoon in northern Italy. In 1968, the mental hospital was closed down and therefore the island was abandoned. It’s no wonder — Poveglia has long been considered one among the foremost haunted places on earth.
Throughout its history, it’s been home to a fort, used as a shipping checkpoint, been a quarantine station for the bubonic plague, and since the turn of the last century, there has been as an asylum for mentally challenged people.
Rumour has it that the ghosts of bubonic plague victims, war victims, and therefore the ghost of a murderous asylum doctor roam the decaying grounds.
Thirty years after the disaster it is believed to be contaminated till 20,000 years, much of the Exclusion Zone—now encompassing 1000 miles and also called the Zone of Alienation is still strictly off-limits. The area remains a bone-crunching memory of nuclear disaster.
The Exclusion Zone covers a part of roughly 2,600 km^2 (1,000 sq mi) in Ukraine immediately surrounding the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant where radioactive contamination from nuclear fallout is highest and public access and inhabitation are restricted. it’s believed that some people that came from these areas have spread the contamination to other places and it’s not an epidemic but contamination can result in deaths.
North Brother Island, USA
Located in New York City, North Brother Island is one of the most popular abandoned regions in the USA. Originally developed as a quarantine hospital, it was the home to the Typhoid Mary. She was identified as the first American to carry the typhoid fever.
The island is officially off-limits to the public, as it is a bird sanctuary for one of the area’s largest nesting colonies of Black-Crowned Night Herons.
Tomb of the Qin Shi Huang, China
The buried army faces east, poised for battle, about three-quarters of a mile from the outer wall of the tomb proper, guarding it against Shihuangdi’s chief former adversaries, who had come from that direction.
In pits nearby have been found the remains of seven humans (possibly the emperor’s children), a subterranean stable filled with horse skeletons, an assemblage of half-size bronze chariots, 70 individual burial sites, a zoo for exotic animals, and other artefacts.
The interior lakes! rivers and seas are made of flowing mercury. an outsized amount of mercury was detected within the grave. It can harm archaeologists once they enter the tomb. Besides, once the mercury leaks out, it can cause serious environmental pollution and therefore the spread of abnormal diseases.
The legendary luminous pearls decorating the dome of the tomb were a symbolization of the sun, moon and stars, to safeguard the tomb from being disturbed, booby-trap arrows were installed to kill any daring intruder.
The Bubonic Plague: Europe
1665: The Great Plague of London
The plague emerged in Italy led to the deaths of 20 per cent of London’s population. As fatality tolls mounted and mass graves appeared, many thousands of cats and dogs were slaughtered because the possible cause and also the disease spread through ports along the Thames.
England and France were so incapacitated by the plague that the countries called a truce to their war. British feudalism collapsed when the plague changed economic circumstances and demographics.
Cholera Pandemic: Russia
The Cholera pandemic covers the next 150 years, this wave of the tiny intestine infection originated in Russia, where a million people died. Spreading through faeces-infected water and food, the bacterium was passed along to British soldiers who brought it to India where millions more died.
They reached the British Empire and its navy spread cholera to Spain, Africa, Indonesia, China, Japan, Italy, Germany and America, where it killed 150,000 people.
A vaccine was created in 1885, but pandemics continued till now and Africa has these diseases upsetting the people.
Since there was no much evidence of the pandemics as it could be started from anywhere as due to the nature of its spread. The recorded places could be arbitrary.
Russian Flu – Siberia and Kazakhstan
This Influenza pandemic started from Siberia and Kazakhstan, then made its way to Moscow, Finland Poland and this way entered entire Europe.
Till the end of 1890, total deaths were around 360,000 after it reached to North America and Africa.
Spanish Flu: Spain(Madrid)
The avian-borne flu(H5N1) that resulted in 50 million deaths worldwide, the 1918 flu was first observed in Europe, the United States and parts of Asia before swiftly spreading around the world.
At the time, there were no effective drugs or vaccines to treat this killer flu strain. Wire service reports of a flu outbreak in Madrid in the spring of 1918 led to the pandemic being called the “Spanish flu.”
HIV/AIDS: West Africa(country unknown)
Not a communicable by noble means or ingestion but this spread rapidly due to the nature of its virus ability to live on parasites and different environments.
First identified in 1981, AIDS destroys a person’s immune system, leading to eventual death by diseases that the body would usually don’t fall sick due to antibodies produced by the human body.
AIDS was first observed in American gay communities but is believed to possess developed from a chimpanzee virus from West Africa within the 1920s.
Treatments are developed to slow the progress of the disease, but 35 million people worldwide have died of AIDS since its discovery, and a cure is yet to be found.
SARS(Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome)
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome is believed to possess possibly started with bats, spread to cats then to humans in China around 2002 followed by 26 other countries, infecting 8,096 people, with 774 deaths.
The SARS epidemic wasn’t simply public ill-health. Indeed, it caused the foremost severe socio-political crisis for the Chinese leadership since the 1989 Tiananmen crackdown.
Transmission of SARS is primarily from person to person. It appears to possess occurred mainly during the second week of illness, which corresponds to the peak of virus excretion in respiratory secretions and stool, and when cases with severe disease start to deteriorate clinically
The Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) – 2019
As China has contained the virus in 2004 as claimed another same kind of virus reappeared in the middle east with similar kind of structure.
At the end of November 2019, a total of 2494 laboratory-confirmed cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), including 858 associated deaths (case–fatality rate: 34.4%) were reported globally; the majority of these cases were reported from Saudi Arabia (2102 cases, including 780 related deaths with a case–fatality rate of 37.1%).
Since the last update was published (October MERS situation update), a total of 12 laboratory-confirmed cases of MERS were reported globally including one healthcare worker.
Ebola: West Africa
The Ebola virus was front and centre regarding international health concerns. While the deadly disease had been discovered in 1976, its 2014 outbreak in West Africa was the deadliest in its 40-year history.
From its first diagnosis in March 2014 to January 2016, over 28,000 cases were reported, and tragically, more than 11,000 people died from the outbreak in six different countries – Liberia, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Nigeria and the United States.
The Zika Virus
The Zika virus, currently plaguing south Florida, the Zika virus is of particular concern to pregnant women and ladies who plan on being pregnant due to the cause of underdeveloped brains(Microcephaly) in fetuses.
The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared the Zika virus as a “public health emergency of national concern”, placing it within the same category as the Ebola virus.
Transmitted through mosquitos, Zika is especially hard to contain. Already, there are 14 diagnosed cases of Zika within the Miami area over the summer. Due to the slow nature of Zika testing, there are some fears that the Zika virus pandemic if spreads might be even bigger than what we currently believe.
Why Pandemics occur??
It’s not a big mystery why this is happening… lots of concentrated population, with intimate contact with lots of species of animals that are potential reservoirs, and they don’t have great hygiene required. It’s a recipe for spitting out these kinds of viruses,
This compounds the impact of climate change on the disease itself since climate change can also worsen poverty and lead to displacement.
The disease often affects the most vulnerable groups in society: people with poor housing, who are malnourished and/or displaced and may have been forced to migrate to areas with the transmission of
Add to that environmental changes – such as global warming and destruction of the rain forests – rapid population growth and haphazard development, and the scene is set for microbes to thrive, international experts have warned.